Anupama Kaul

Anupama Kaul
PACCAR Professor of Engineering
Director of PACCAR Technology Institute
Joint appointment to Electrical Engineering
Discovery Park C136G
940-369-7715
Anupama.Kaul@unt.edu
  • Education
    • Ph.D., Materials Science & Engr. (MSE), University of California, Berkeley, CA, 2000. Minors: ECE; Physics
    • M.S., Materials Science & Engr. (MSE), University of California, Berkeley, CA, 1997
    • M.S.Courses, Eng. Courses (HP-sponsored), Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 1994
    • B.S. w/ Honors, Physics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR,1992
    • B.S. w/ Honors, Engineering Physics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, 1992, Minor: Math, Magna Cum Laude

    Ph.D. & M.S. Research Advisors (UC Berkeley)

    Prof. Theodore Van Duzer (ECE), now Emeritus; and Prof. Timothy D. Sands (MSE) co-advisor, now President at Virginia Tech.

  • Research

    Dr. Kaul’s research revolves around exploring the electrical, optical and mechanical properties of nanoscale materials for device applications. In particular, her research is currently focused on the synthesis, materials property characterization and integration of layered nanomaterials for a wide range of devices.

    For further details on current research activity in the Kaul Group, please visit the Nanoscale Materials and Devices Laboratory (NMDL) link:

    https://kaulgroup.engineering.unt.edu/

  • Publications

    JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS (Selected)

    1. J. Lee, A. B. Kaul, and P. X. –L. Feng, “Carbon nanofiber high frequency nanomechanical resonators,” Nanoscale 9(33), 1864-11870, (2017); DOI: 10.1039/C7NR02306E
    2. R. Hossain, I. Deaguero, T. Boland, and A. B. Kaul, “Large-format, biocompatible, ink-jet printed 2D-heterostructure photodetector on flexible substrates,” Nature npj 2D Materials and Applications Journal, 1(28) (2017); DOI: 10.1038/s41699-0170034-2.
    3. M. Michel, C. Biswas, R. Hossain, C. Tiwary, P. M. Ajayan, and A. B. Kaul, “A thermally-invariant, high-power graphite resistor for flexible electronics formed using additive manufacturing,” 2D Materials Journal (IOP) 4(2), 025076 (2017).
    4. C. Biswas, I. Candan, Y. Alaskar, H. Qasem, W. Zhang, A. Stieg, Y-H- Xie, A. B. Kaul and K. L. Wang, “Layer-by-Layer chemical doping and resistance quenching in flexible transparent conducting graphene-polymer nanocomposite,” manuscript submitted, ACS Nano (in review), Nov. 2016.
    5. J. A. Desai, C. Biswas, A. B. Kaul, “Inkjet printing of liquid-exfoliated, highly conducting graphene/poly(3,4 ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(styerene sulfonate) nanoscheets for organic electronics,” J. Vacuum Sci. & Technol. B, Nanotechnology and Microelectronics: Materials, Processing, Measurement and Phenomena, vol. 35, issue 3, 03D112, American Vacuum Society, 2017. 
    6. S. Chugh, C. Biswas, L. Echegoyen, and A. B. Kaul, “Investigation of structural morphology and electrical properties of graphene-C60 hybrids,” J. Vacuum Sci. & Technol. B, Nanotechnology and Microelectronics: Materials, Processing, Measurement and Phenomena, vol. 35, issue 3, 03D111, American Vacuum Society, 2017.
    7. J. A. Catalan and A. B. Kaul, “Polydimethylsiloxane and polyisoprene-based graphene composites for strain-sensing,” J. Vacuum Sci. & Technol. B, Nanotechnology and Microelectronics: Materials, Processing, Measurement and Phenomena, vol. 35, issue 3, 03D106, American Vacuum Society, 2017.
    8. D. Fadil, R. F. Hossain, G. A. Saenz, and A. B. Kaul, “On the chemically-assisted excitonic enhancement in environmentally-friendly solution dispersions of two-dimensional MoS2 and WS2,” Journal of Materials Chemistry C 5, 5323 (2017); DOI: 10.1039/C7TC01001J; Article selected for back cover image.
    9. M. Michel, C. Biswas, and A. B. Kaul, “High-performance ink-jet printed graphene resistors formed with environmentally-friendly, surfactant-free inks for extreme thermal environments,” Applied Materials Today 6, 16 (2017).
    10. M. Michel, J. A. Desai, C. Biswas, A. Delgado, and A. B. Kaul, “Engineering chemically exfoliated dispersions of 2D graphene and molybdenum disulphide for ink-jet printing,” Nanotechnology 27, 485602 (2016). 
    11. A. B. Kaul, “Two-dimensional layered materials: structure, properties and prospects for device applications,” invited feature paper Journal of Materials Research, Focus Issue 29, 348-361 (2014).
    12. A. B. Kaul, J. B. Coles, K. G. Megerian, M. Eastwood, R. O Green, and P. R. Bandaru, Small 9, 1058 (2013).
    13. A. B. Kaul, J. B. Coles, K. G. Megerian, M. Eastwood, R. O Green, T. Pagano, P. R. Bandaru and M. Dokmeci Sensors and Transducers Journal 13, 109 (2011).
    14. A. B. Kaul, K. G. Megerian, L. Bagge, L. Epp, H. G. LeDuc, J. B. Coles, M. Eastwood, R. O. Green and M. Foote, Nanosci. and Nanotechnol. Lett. 2, 170 (2010).
    15. A. B. Kaul, A. R. Khan, K. G. Megerian, L. Epp, L. Bagge, A. T. Jennings, D. Jang, and J. R. Greer, Nanosci. and Nanotechnol. Lett. 2, 163 (2010).
    16. A. B. Kaul, K. G. Megerian, A. Jennings, and J. R. Greer, Nanotechnology 21, 315501 (2010).  
    17. L. Bagge, L. Epp, A. Khan, and A. B. Kaul, J. Nanosci. and Nanotechnol. 10, 6388 (2010).
    18. S. Kang, D. Banerjee, A. B. Kaul, K. G. Megerian, Scanning 32, 42 (2010).
    19. A. B. Kaul, P. von Allmen, K. Megerian, and R. L. Baron, Nanosci. and Nanotechnol. Lett. 1, 145 (2009).
    20. R. Harris, F. Brito, A. J. Berkely, J. Johansson, M. W. Johnson, T. M. Lanting, P. Bunyk, E. Ladizinsky, B. Bumble, A. Fung, A. Kaul, A. Kleinsasser, and S. Han, New Journal of Physics 11, 123022 (2009).
    21. A. B. Kaul, A. Khan, L. Bagge, K. G. Megerian, H. G. LeDuc, and L. Epp, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 093103, (2009).  Also selected for the Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology, Sep. 14 (2009).
    22. A. B. Kaul, Nanotechnology 20, 155501 (2009). 
    23. B. Bumble, A. Fung, A. B. Kaul, A. W. Kleinsasser, and G. Kerber, IEEE Trans. Appl.  Supercond. 19, 226 (2009).
    24. A. B. Kaul and H. M. Manohara, IEEE Trans. on Nanotechnol. 8, 252 (2009). 
    25. T. Lanting, A. J. Berkely, B. Bumble, P. Bunyk, A. Fung, J. Johansson, A. Kaul, A. Kleinsasser, E. Ladizinsky, F. Maibaum, R. Harris, M. W. Johnson, E. Tolkacheva, and M. H. S. Amin, Phys. Rev. B 79, 060509 (2009).
    26. A. B. Kaul, K. Megerian, P. von Allmen, R. L. Baron, Nanotechnology 20, 075303 (2009). 
    27. R. Harris, M. W. Johnson, S. Han, A. J. Berkley, J. Johannsson, P. Bunyk, S. Govorkov, M. C. Thom, S. Uchaikin, B. Bumble, A. Fung, A. B. Kaul, A. Kleinsasser, C. J. S. Truncik, M. H. S. Amin, and D. V. Averin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101,117003 (2008).
    28. A. B. Kaul, A. W. Kleinsasser, B. Bumble, H. G. LeDuc and K. A. Lee, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 17, 198 (2007).
    29. A. B. Kaul, E. W. Wong, L. Epp, and B. D. Hunt, Nano Lett. 6, 942 (2006).
    30. A. B. Kaul, A. W. Kleinsasser, B. Bumble, H. G. LeDuc and K. A. Lee, J. Mater. Res. 40, 3047 (2005).
    31. A. B. Kaul, B. Bumble, K. Lee, H. LeDuc, F. Rice, and J. Zmuidzinas, J. Vac. Sci. Tech. B. 22, 2417 (2004).  Also selected for Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology 10 (2004).
    32. A. B. Kaul, T. Sands, and T. Van Duzer, J.  Mater. Res. 16, 1223 (2001).
    33. A. B. Kaul and T. Van Duzer, IEEE Trans. Appl. Superconduct. 11, 88 (2001).
    34. A. B. Kaul, L. Yu, N. Newman, J. Rowell, S. Whiteley, and T. Van Duzer,  Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 99 (2001).
    35. A. Bhat, X. Meng, A. Wong, and T. Van Duzer, Supercond. Sci. and Tech. 12, 1030 (1999).
    36. X. Meng, A. Bhat, and T. Van Duzer, IEEE Trans. Appl. Superconduct. 9, 3208 (1999).
    37. A. Bhat, X. Meng, S. Whiteley, M. Jeffery, and T. Van Duzer, IEEE Trans. Appl. Superconduct. 9, 3232 (1999).

     

    BOOK CHAPTERS

    1. A. B. Kaul and J. T. Robinson, Review Chapter (invited), Graphene and Graphene Nano Ribbons: Properties, Synthesis, and Electronic Applications, Graphene Science Handbook, vol. 3 (Electrical and Optical Properties), Editors: M. Aliofkhazari, N. Ali, W. I. Milne, C. S. Ozkan, S. Mitura, J. L. Gervasoni, CRC Press – Taylor & Francis Group, 2016.  ISBN 9781466591318, CAT#K20507.
    2. A. B. Kaul, J. Lee, and P. Feng, Review Chapter (invited), Carbon nanomaterials: Applications as high-efficiency optical absorbers and high-performance nano-electro-mechanical-systems, Nanomaterials: A Guide to Fabrication and Applications, Editors: Sivashankar Krishnamoorthy and Krzysztof Iniewski, Chapter 10, pp. 237, CRC Press-Taylor & Francis Group, 2016.  ISBN: 13:978-1-4665-9126-4.
    3. A. B. Kaul, J. Lee, and P. Feng, Review Chapter (invited), Nanostructures and Characteristics of Carbon Nanofibers, Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology, Editors: Bharat Bhushan, pp. 237 – 260, Springer, Oct. 2015. ISBN: 978-94-007-6178-0.  DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-6178-0_101008-1
    4. A. B. Kaul and L. Epp (invited), Suspended Carbon Nanotubes: Physical Sensor and Actuator Applications, Carbon Nanotubes, Editor: Mauricio Marulanda, IN-TECH, Vienna, Austria, pp. 375-394, March 2010.  ISBN 978-953-307-054-4 (downloaded more than 10,000 times).
    5. A. B. Kaul and P. R. Bandaru, Review Chapter (invited), Electronic and Photonic Applications of One-Dimensional Carbon and Silicon Nanostructures, Encyclopedia of Semiconductor Nanotechnology, Editor: A. Umar, Chapter 2, vol. 3, pp. 1-71, American Scientific Publishers, CA (in press).

     

    BOOKS and SPECIAL ISSUES

    1. A. B. Kaul, Editor, Microelectronics to Nanoelectronics: Materials, Devices and Manufacturability, CRC Press, 2012. ISBN 9781466509542.
    2. A. B. Kaul and E. H. Yang, Guest Editors for Special Issue, Nanoscale Materials, Structures and Devices for Sensors and Systems Applications, Nanosci. Nanotechnol. Lett. vol. 2, number 2 (2010).
    3. T. Blaudeck, G. Cho, M. R. Dokmeci, A. B. Kaul and M. D. Poliks, Editors, Roll-to-Roll Processing of Electronics and Advanced Functionalities, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 1529, Cambridge University Press (2013).
    4. P. M. Ajayan, J. A. Garrido, K. Haenen, S. Kar, A. B. Kaul, C. J. Lee, J. A. Robinson, J. T. Robinson, I. D. Sharp, S. Talapatra, R. Tenne, M. Terrones, A. L. Elias, M. Paranjape and N. Karche, Editors, Carbon Functional Nanomaterials, Graphene and Related 2D-Layered Systems, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 1549, Cambridge University Press (2013).

     

    CONFERENCE PUBLICATIONS & PROCEEDINGS ARTICLES

    1. N. Adhikari, A. S. Bandopadhyay, and A. B. Kaul, “Nanoscale characterization of WSe2 for opto-electronic applications,” to appear in MRS Proceedings, June 2017.
    2. A. S. Bandyopadhyay, G. A. Saenz, and A. B. Kaul, “Characterization of few layer tungsten diselenide based FET under thermal excitation,” to appear in MRS Proceedings, June 2017
    3. A. S. Bandyopadhyay, G. A. Saenz, C. Biswas, and A. B. Kaul, “Characterization of monolayer tungsten diselenide based devices under optical excitation,” abstract submitted to the SPIE Defense, Securities and Sensing Conference, Anaheim, April 2017.
    4. G. A. Saenz, D. Fadil, A. B. Kaul, “Analysis of multilayer black phosphorus for photodetector applications,” Proc. SPIE 10209, Image Sensing Technologies: Materials, Devices, Systems, and Applications IV, 1020912, April 2017, doi: 10.1117/12.2262854.
    5. G. A. Saenz, C. de Anda Orea, and A. B. Kaul, “Single and few-layer MoS2: CVD synthesis, transference and photodetection application,” to appear in MRS Proceedings, June 2017.
    6. J. Catalan, Y. Lin, A. B. Kaul, “Electrical Characterization and Nano-indentation of Opto-electro-mechanical Percolative Composites From 2D Layered Materials,”  to appear in MRS Proceedings, June 2017.
    7. S. Chugh, L. Echegoyen, and A. B. Kaul, “Hybrid zero-dimensional C60 clusters with graphene – synthesis, fabrication and transport characteristics,” to appear in MRS Proceedings, June 2017.
    8. J. A. Desai, N. Adhikari, and A. B. Kaul, “Tungsten disulfide nanodispersions for inkjet printing and semiconducting devices,” MRS Advances, pp. 1-6, May 2017; https://doi.org/10.1557/adv.2017.338
    9. M. Min, G. A. Saenz, G. Qiu, A. Charnas, P. Ye, and A. B. Kaul, “Chemical exfoliation of black phosphorus for nanoelectronics applications,” MRS Advances, pp. 1-6, May 2017. https://doi.org/10.1557/adv.2017.341
    10. A. S. Bandyopadhyay, G. A. Saenz, C. Biswas, and A. B. Kaul, “Synthesis and characterization of two-dimensional WSe2 grown using chemical vapor deposition,” abstract 1745 accepted, to appear in Proc. of the American Vacuum Society (AVS) 63rd International Symposium and Exhibition, Nashville TN, Nov. 2016.
    11. J. Catalan, A. Delgado, and A. B. Kaul, “Two-dimensional layered materials for composites applications,” abstract 1771 accepted, to appear in Proc. of the American Vacuum Society (AVS) 63rd International Symposium and Exhibition, Nashville TN, Nov. 2016.
    12. S. Chugh, C. Biswas, A. S. Bandyopadhyay, G. A. Saenz, L. Echegoyen, and A. B. Kaul, “Electronic transport properties of hybrid graphene-C60 structures,” abstract 1760 accepted, to appear in Proc. of the American Vacuum Society (AVS) 63rd International Symposium and Exhibition, Nashville TN, Nov. 2016.
    13. J. Desai, M. Michel, C. Biswas, R. Hossain, J. Catalan, and A. B. Kaul, “Ink-jet printing of liquid-exfoliated, highly conducting graphene:PEDOT PSS films for Organic Electronics,” abstract 1772 accepted, to appear in Proc. of the American Vacuum Society (AVS) 63rd International Symposium and Exhibition, Nashville TN, Nov. 2016.
    14. A. B. Kaul, “Chemically and mechanically exfoliated MoS2 for electronic and opto-electronic devices,” invited paper, Proc. of the IEEE Lester Eastman Conference, pp. 4-7, August 2016.
    15. G. A. Saenz, G. Karapetrov, J. Curtis, and A. B. Kaul, “MoS2 Synthesis and high-performance broadband photodetector,” Proc. of the IEEE Lester Eastman Conference, pp. 50-54, August 2016.
    16. R. F. Hossain, I. G. Deaguero, T. Boland, and A. B. Kaul, “Solution dispersed 2D graphene and MoS2 for an ink-jet printed biocompatible photodetector,” Proc. of the IEEE Lester Eastman Conference, pp. 19-22, August 2016.
    17. M. Michel, C. Biswas, J. A. Desai, A. Delgado, and A. B. Kaul, “ Optimization of fluid characteristics of 2D materials for inkjet printing,” MRS Advances, vol. 1, issue 30, pp. 2199-2206, June 2016.
    18. A. Delgado, J. A. Catalan, H. Yamaguchi, C. N. Villarrubia, A. Mohite, and A. B. Kaul, “Characterization of 2D MoS2 and WS2 dispersed in organic solvents for composites applications,” MRS Advances, vol. 1, issue 32 (Nanotechnology), pp. 2302-2308, July 2016.
    19. D. Fadil, R. F. Hossain, and A. B. Kaul, “Electronic and optical property characterization of MoS2 two-dimensional exfoliated nanomaterials,” MRS Advances, vol. 1, issue 47 (Electronics and Photonics), pp. 3223-3228, July 2016.
    20. N. Dhasmana, D. Fadil, A. B. Kaul, and J. A. Thomas, “Investigation of nonlinear optical properties of exfoliated MoS2 using photoacoustic Z-scan,” MRS Advances, vol. 1, issue 47 (Electronics and Photonics), pp. 3215-3221, June 2016.
    21. G. L. Saenz, C. Biswas, H. Yamaguchi, C. N. Villarrubia, A. Mohite, and A. B. Kaul, “Effects of synthesis parameters on CVD growth of Molybdenum Disulfide,” MRS Advances, vol. 1, issue 32, pp. 2291-2296, July 2016.
    22. C. Biswas, G. A. Saenz, D. Fadil, and A. B. Kaul, “Characterization of electronic properties of two-dimensional refractory selenides and tellurides,” MRS Advances, vol. 1, issue 47 (Electronics and Photonics), pp. 3229-3234, July 2016.
    23. A. B. Kaul, “Solution-based production of 2D-layered materials,” invited paper, MRS Advances, vol. 1, issue 32, pp. 2267-2272, July 2016.
    24. M. Michel, D. Fadil, G. E. Lara, M. Michel, A. Delgado, E. Escaraga, and A. B. Kaul, “2D Material Characterization for Printed Electronics Applications,” Proc. IEEE Photonics Society 2015 Summer Topicals (Topic on Functional Two-dimensional Materials (FTDM)), pp. 101-102, July 2015.
    25. D. Fadil, G. E. Lara, M. Michel, A. Delgado, C. Gaytan, and A. B. Kaul, “Properties of 2D Layered Crystals: MoS2, NbSe2 and Black Phosphorus,” Proc. IEEE Photonics Society 2015 Summer Topicals (Topic on Functional Two-dimensional Materials (FTDM)), pp. 3-4, July 2015.
    26. A. B. Kaul “Van der Waals solids: properties and device applications,” (keynote paper), Proc. SPIE (Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems and Applications Conference, Editors: Saif M. Islam; Achyut K. Dutta; Thomas George, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9467 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA 2015), 94670N.), June 2015.
    27. A. B. Kaul and P. X.L.- Feng “Nano carbon 1D and 2D nanomechanical resonators and switches,” invited paper, Proc. of the Materials Research Society Spring Meeting, Symposium on Silicon Carbide - Materials, Processing and Devices, pp. 1693, April 2014.
    28. A. B. Kaul, J. B. Coles, K. G. Megerian, M. Eastwood, R. O. Green, and P. R. Bandaru, “A bottom-up engineered, broadband optical nanoabsorber for radiometry and energy harnessing applications,” (invited paper), Proc. 13th IEEE Nano Conference, Beijing, China, August 2013.
    29. A. B. Kaul, “Graphene and Two-Dimensional Layered Materials for Device Applications,” (invited paper), Proc. 13th IEEE Nano Conference, pp. 1-4, Beijing, China, August 2013.
    30. J. Lee, A. B. Kaul, and P. Feng, “Vertical carbon nanofiber arrays and nanomechanical resonators for potential radiation sensing,” Proc. of IEEE Transducers Conference, pp. 1887-1890, Barcelona, Spain, June 2013.
    31. A. B. Kaul, “Layered nanomaterials for nanoelectronics, photonics, sensing and related applications” CMOS Emerging Technologies Research Symposium, (invited), in Conference Abstracts, Whistler, Canada, July 2013.
    32. A. B. Kaul, “Organic and Flexible Electronics: Opportunities, Challenges and Future Trends,” (invited paper) Proc. Nanotech.’2013, Washington D.C, May 2013.
    33. A. B. Kaul, “Carbon-based nanomaterials for nanoelectronics applications,” (invited), Proc. New Diamond and Nanocarbon Conference (NDNC) 2013, Singapore, May 2013.
    34. A. B. Kaul, “Graphene and the advent of other layered 2D materials for nanoelectronics, photonics and related applications,” (invited paper), Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (Symposium on Graphene and Related Nanomaterials: Pushing The Frontiers), vol. 1549, 2013.
    35. A. B. Kaul “New frontiers in energy-efficient nanoelectronic devices enabled by novel materials” (keynote paper), Proc. SPIE (Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems and Applications Conference, Editors: T. George, M. Saif Islam, and A. K. Dutta), vol. 8725, June 2013.
    36. A.B.Kaul, “Two-dimensional layered nanomaterials for nanoelectronics and nanophotonics, applications” Workshop on Beyond Graphene: Advanced 2D Electronic and Optoelectronic Crystals and Devices for Next Generation Applications,” Materials Research Institute, Penn State University, abstract for invited presentation, March 2013.
    37. A. B. Kaul, J. Coles, M. Eastwood, R. Green, and P. Bandaru “Broad-band, high-efficiency optical absorbers derived from carbon nanomaterials,” (invited paper), Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (Symposium on Carbon Nanomaterials), vol. 1505, 2013.
    38. A. B. Kaul, “Carbon nanofiber switches and sensors,” (invited paper), Proc. IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, pp. 1-4, June 2012.
    39. J. Lee, P. Feng, and A. B. Kaul “Characterization of  plasma synthesized vertical carbon nanofibers for nanoelectronics applications),” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (Nanocarbon Materials & Devices), vol. 1451, pp. 117-122, May 2012.
    40. A. B. Kaul “Organic semiconductors and their application in energy harvesting” (keynote paper), Proc. SPIE, vol. 8377 (SPIE Energy Harvesting and Storage: Materials, Devices and Applications III, Editors: N. K. Dhar, P. S. Wijewarnasuriya, and A. K. Dutta), 2012.
    41. A. B. Kaul “Nano-enabled green technologies for electronics and energy applications,” (invited paper), Proc. Nanotech’12, vol. 3, pp. 716-719 (Chapter 10: Green electronics, chemistry and materials), 2012.
    42. A. B. Kaul “Carbon nanomaterials for energy-efficient green electronics,” (invited paper), Proc. XXI International Materials Research Congress (sponsored by MRS), (Nanostructured carbon materials for MEMS/NEMS & nanoelectronics), vol. 1478, Jan. 2012.
    43. A. B. Kaul, J. B. Coles, K. G. Megerian, R. O. Green, T. Pagano, P. R. Bandaru, and M. R. Dokmeci,  “High-efficiency optical absorbers derived from carbon nanostructures,” Proc. Nanotech’11, vol. 2 (Chapter 2: Nanostructured Materials & Devices), June 2011.   
    44. A. B. Kaul, A. R. Khan, K. Megerian, L. Bagge, L. Epp and M. R. Dokmeci, “AC and DC Applications of Three-dimensional nano-electro-mechanical-systems,” Proc. Nanotech’11, vol. 2 (Chapter 5: MEMS & NEMS Fabrication, Devices and Applications), June 2011. 
    45. A. B. Kaul, K. G. Megerian, A. Khan, L. Bagge, L. Epp, J. Coles, M. Eastwood, R. Green and M. Foote “Carbon-based nanodevices for electronic and optical applications,” Proc. Nanotech’10, (Electronics and Microsystems - MEMS and NEMS: Devices and Applications), vol. 2, pp. 304-307, June 2010.
    46. A. B. Kaul, A. Khan, L. Bagge, K. G. Megerian, L. Epp, A. T. Jennings and J. R. Greer “Carbon-based NEMS,” (invited paper), Proc. SPIE, vol. 7679-22 (SPIE Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems and Applications Conference), May 2010.
    47. L. Bagge and A. B. Kaul “Carbon nanofiber-based mechanical resonators” Proc. SPIE, vol. 7679-87 (SPIE Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems and Applications Conference), May 2010.
    48. A. B. Kaul, P. Khan, A. T. Jennings, J. R. Greer, K. Megerian, and P. von Allmen,  “Nanoelectromechanical switching devices for 3D electronics,” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., vol. 1186E (Nanoscale Electromechanics, and Piezoresponse Force Microscopy of Inorganic, Macromolecular and Biological Systems), April 2009.
    49. A. B. Kaul, K. Megerian, P. von Allmen, Robert Kowalczyk, and R. L. Baron, “High throughput top-down and bottom-up processes for forming single-nanotube based architectures for 3D electronics,” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., vol. 1179E (Material Systems and Processes for Three-Dimensional Micro- and Nanoscale Fabrication and Lithography), April 2009.
    50. T. Vo, P. von Allmen, and A. B. Kaul, “Parallel polarizability of metallic carbon nanotubes,” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., vol. 1177E (Computational Nanoscience: How to Exploit Synergy Between Predictive Simulations and Experiment), April 2009.
    51. P. von Allmen, T. Vo, K. Megerian, R. L. Baron and A. B. Kaul, “Switching voltage in a carbon nanotube memory device,” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., vol. 1186E (Nanoscale Electromechanics, and Piezoresponse Force Microscopy of Inorganic, Macromolecular and Biological Systems), April 2009.
    52. A. B. Kaul, K. G. Megerian, R. L. Baron, A. T. Jennings, D. Jang, and J. R. Greer “High-throughput processes and structural characterization of single-nanotube based devices for 3D electronics,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 7318, (Micro-and Nano-technology Sensors, Systems and Applications), April 2009.
    53. H.M. Manohara, R. Toda, R.H. Lin, A. Liao, R. Kowalczyk, A. B. Kaul, M. M. Mojarradi, and J. Hong, “Vacuum microelectronics applications using carbon nanotube cathodes” Proc. of the 33rd International Conf. on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves, IRMMW-THz 2008., pp. 1-2, Sep. 2008.
    54. A. B. Kaul and H. M. Manohara, “Low power, wide dynamic range carbon nanotube vacuum gauges,” Proc. of the 21st IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS), pp. 156 – 160, Jan. 2008.
    55. A. B. Kaul and H. Manohara, “Low power, wide dynamic range carbon nanotube pressure sensors,” Government Micro-Circuit Appl. and Critical Tech. Conf. Proc., GOMACTech’08, Mar. 2008.
    56. H.M. Manohara, M. J. Bronikowski, R. Toda, A. B. Kaul, M. Mojarradi, and J. Hong, “Vacuum microelectronics and miniature instruments based on application-specific electrode-integrated nanotube cathodes (ASINCs)” Government Micro-Circuit Appl. and Critical Tech. Conf. Proc., GOMACTech’08, Mar. 2008.
    57. A. B. Kaul and H. M. Manohara, “Carbon nanotube vacuum gauges utilizing long, dissipative tubes,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 6959 (Micro (MEMS) and Nanotechnologies for Space, Defense and Securities III), pp. 69590F-1-8, Mar. 2008.
    58. A. B. Kaul, L. Epp, E. Wong and R. Kowalczyk “Carbon nanotube switches for communication and memory applications,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 6959 (Micro (MEMS) and Nanotechnologies for Space, Defense and Securities III), pp. 695909-1-8, Mar. 2008.
    59. A. B. Kaul, R. Kowalczyk, K. Megerian, P. von Allmen and R. Baron “Vertically aligned carbon nanotubes formed using PECVD for switching applications in extreme environment space electronics,” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., vol. 1081E (Carbon Nanotubes and Related Low Dimensional Materials), pp. 1081-P15-06, Mar. 2008.
    60. H.M. Manohara, M. J. Bronikowski, R. Toda, E. Urgiles, R. Lin, K. Yee, A. B. Kaul, and J. Hong, “Application specific electrode-integrated nanotube cathodes (ASINCs) for miniature analytical instruments for space exploration,” (invited paper), Proc. SPIE, vol. 6959 (Micro (MEMS) and Nanotechnologies for Space, Defense and Securities III), pp. 695906-1-6, Mar. 2008.
    61. A. B. Kaul, E. W. Wong, L. Epp, M. J. Bronikowski, and B. D. Hunt “Air-bridge and vertical carbon nanotube switches for high performance switching applications,” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., vol. 924E (Mechanics of Nanoscale Materials and Devices), pp. 0924-Z06-04-09, Mar. 2006.
    62. E. Wong, A. B. Kaul, L. Epp, B. Hunt, “Air-bridge and vertical carbon nanotube switches for high performance switching applications,” Proc. of the 7th Inter. Conf. on the Sci. and Appl. of Nanotubes, NT’06, pp. 191, June 2006.
    63. H. Manohara, E. Wong, M. Bronikowski, A. B. Kaul. E. Schlecht, L. Epp, P. Siegel and B. Hunt, “Carbon nanotube devices for high frequency electronic applications,” Proc. of the 6th Inter. Conf. on the Sci. and Appl. of Nanotubes, NT’05, June 2005.
    64. A. B. Kaul, T. Klosowiak, and J. Liu “A static technique for the electro-mechanical characterization of MEMS devices for RF and microwave applications,” Mat. Res. Soc. Proc., vol. 729 (BioMEMS and Bionanotechnology), pp. 107-112, MRS San Francisco, 2002.
    65. A. Bhat, X. Meng, A. Wong, and T. Van Duzer, Extended Abstracts of the 7th International Supercond. Electronics Conf., ISEC'99, Berkeley, CA, pp. 515-517, June 1999.
    66. X. Meng, A. Bhat, L. Zheng, A. Wong, and T. Van Duzer, Extended Abstracts of the 7th International Supercond. Electronics Conf., ISEC'99, Berkeley, CA, pp. 235-237, June 1999.
    67. X. Meng, H. Jiang, A. Bhat, and T. Van Duzer, “Precise control of critical current and resistance in a Nb/AlOx/Nb integrated circuit process,” Extended Abstracts of the 6th International Supercond. Electronics Conf., ISEC'97, Berlin, Germany, June 1997.
  • Professional Experience

    Appointment Summary

    • 9/2017 – Present University of North Texas (UNT), Denton, TX
      • PACCAR Professor of Engineering; Department of Materials Science & Engineering; Department of Electrical Engineering (joint)
      • Director, PACCAR Technology Institute, College of Engineering 
      • Founder & Director, Nanoscale Materials and Devices Laboratory (NMDL)
    • 9/2017 – Present  University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP), TX
      • Adjunct Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
    • 9/2014 – 8/2017  University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP), TX
      • Associate Dean for Research & Graduate Studies, College of Engineering
      • AT&T Distinguished Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering 
      • Director, Nanomaterials and Devices Laboratory (NDL)
    • 2011– 2014  National Science Foundation (NSF), Arlington, VA
      • Program Director (IPA from JPL-Caltech), ECCS Division, Engineering Directorate
    • 2002 – 2014  Jet Propulsion Laboratory (NASA), California Inst. of Tech. (Caltech), Pasadena, CA
      • Senior Member of Technical Staff, Task Manager
    • 2000 – 2002  Motorola Labs-Corporate Headquarters, Schaumburg, IL
      • Senior Research Engineer
    • 1993 – 1995  Hewlett-Packard (HP) R&D Division, HP, Corvallis, OR
      • R&D Engineer

    Recent Leadership Hightlights

    • 2016 – Present  External Advisory Board Member, Penn State University’s Two-dimensional (2D) Crystal Consortium (2DCC) – Materials Innovation Platform (MIP). The 2DCC-MIP is an NSF supported National User Facility for 2D materials research funded at the level of $18 Million (5 years; renewable for additional 5 years).
    • 2012 – 2014  Created and led the 2-Dimensional Atomic-layer Research and Engineering (2-DARE) Program under the NSF’s Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation (EFRI) initiative.  This program created new funding at ~ $50 Million level in partnership with the Department of Defense to support research on 2D layered materials and devices in the US.
    • 2015 – 2016  Chair (and Principal Investigator on NSF Proposal) of US EU Workshop on 2D Layered Materials and Devices held in 2015 that involved the European Union (EU) Graphene Flagship Program (funded at level of ~ $10 Billion Euros over 10 years) and leading US researchers working on 2D layered materials and devices.  A direct outcome of this workshop was the issuance of a Dear Colleague Letter (DCL) by the NSF in 2016 (https://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2016/nsf16102/nsf16102.jsp?org=ENG) to promote cross-Atlantic collaborations between US and EU researchers in this area of research.   
    • 2015 – 2016  Fellow, ELATE Class of 2016; Executive Leadership in Academic Technology and Engineering (ELATE) Program is a national year-long leadership development program for senior women faculty in Engineering, Science and Technology, administered by Drexel University.
    • 2017 – Present  Director, PACCAR Technology Institute, a university Institute which will be focused on promoting interdisciplinary research in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology at UNT.

    Service & Advisory Boards (Selected)

    • Associate Editor of the IEEE Sensors Journal
    • International Advisory Panel Member of the Materials Xpress Journal for the Institute of Physics
    • American Editor of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters
    • Associate Editor of Reviews in Advanced Sciences and Engineering and serves on the Editorial Board of several other journals.
    • Editor of Microelectronics to Nanoelectronics: Materials, Devices and Manufacturability:CRC Press
    • External Advisory Committee Member of the Penn State University's 2D Crystal Consortium – Materials Innovation Platform (2DCC-MIP), a national user facility dedicated to 2DLMs that was recently funded by the National Science Foundation
    • Member: Materials Research Society (MRS), American Society of Engineering Education (ASEE), American Chemical Society (ACS), American Association for the Advancement of Sciences (AAAS), IEEE
  • Patents

    US Patents (Issued)

    1. A. B. Kaul "Methods for gas sensing with single-walled carbon nanotubes," US Patent 8,529,124 B2, California Institute of Technology, granted Sep. 2013.
    2. H. M. Manohara, and A. B. Kaul, "Carbon nanotube vacuum gauges with wide-dynamic range and processes thereof," US Patent 8,387,465 B2, California Institute of Technology, granted Mar. 2013.
    3. A. B. Kaul, L. W. Epp, and L. Bagge, "Applications and methods of operating a three-dimensional nano-electro-mechanical resonator and related devices," US Patent 8,435,798 B2, California Institute of Technology, granted May 2013.
    4. A. B. Kaul and J. B. Coles, "Thermally-resilient, broadband optical absorber from UV-to-IR derived from carbon nanostructures and method of making the same," US Patent 8,947,800 B2, California Institute of Technology, granted Feb. 2015.
    5. A. B. Kaul, E. W. Wong, R. Baron, and L. Epp, "Carbon nanotube switches for memory, RF communication and sensing applications and methods of making the same," US Patent 7,446,044, California Institute of Technology, granted Nov. 2008.
    6. T. Van Duzer, X. Meng, N. Newman, L. Yu and A. B. Kaul, "Internally shunted Josephson junction device," US Patent 6,734,454 B2, University of California-Berkeley, granted May 2004.
  • Honors and Awards

    Awards & Recognition (Selected)

    • National Science Foundation's Director's Award for Program Management Excellence for leadership in the creation of a new Initiative at NSF totaling nearly $50 M in partnership with the Department of Defense, 2013
    • NASA Service Award, 2010
    • NASA Team Accomplishment Award, 2007
    • Multiple NASA Patent Awards 2005 - 2013 and numerous NASA Technology Brief Awards for her research
    • US National Academy of Engineering (NAE) 2012 Frontiers of Engineering (FOE) Symposium, Warren, MI
    • US National Academy of Engineering (NAE) 2014 bi-lateral Indo-US FOE Symposium, Mysore, India
    • Fellow of the Class of 2016 ELATE Program (Executive Leadership in Academic Technologies and Engineering) coordinated by Drexel University
    • More than 60 invited and keynote talks at major international conferences and meetings sponsored by professional societies (IEEE, SPIE, MRS, TMS, and NSTI, among others)
    • Senior Member, IEEE
  • Groups